In every grade you will be tested on your knowledge of various musical terms, signs and symbols. No video can help you learn these – it’s just a case of taking a deep breath and learning each term one-by-one. Of course, every time you look at a piece of music see what terms and symbols are used – if you’re not sure what something is, look it up or ask a music teacher. You’ll be amazed what you can learn just by looking at a piece of music.
If an exam question asks for the meaning of a symbol don’t just give the English translation of the word. For example, if you were asked to give the meaning of the following symbol:
Don’t just give the answer as “Forte”; this is not the meaning. A perfect answer would be “loud” or “forte, which means loud”.
|All grade 1 and grade 2 terms as well as the following:|
|ad libitum, ad lib||a passage may be played freely|
|alla breve||with a minim beat. Implying a faster tempo than the note values may suggest.|
|marcato or marc.||emphatic, accented|
|marziale||in a military style|
|rubato, tempo rubato||slight freedom of time|
|scherzando, scherzoso||playful, joking|
|stringendo||gradually getting faster|
|triste, tristamente||sad, sorrowful|