Grade 4 – Woodwind

All instruments in this family have their sound produced by blowing into an instrument made of wood, a reed or an instrument that originally was made of wood.

Typical orchestral instruments include (from highest in pitch to the lowest):

  • Flute (once made of wood now more commonly made of metal)
  • Oboe – sound produced by a double-reed
  • Clarinet – sound produced by a reed
  • Bassoon – sound produced by a double reed
  • Saxophone is not generally considered an orchestral instrument, but it is a woodwind instrument as the sound is produced by blowing across a reed.

Woodwind instruments can only produce one note at a time.

Clefs used by woodwind instruments:

  • Flute – Treble clef
  • Oboe – Treble clef
  • Clarinet – Treble clef
  • Saxophone – Treble clef
  • Bassoon – Bass clef