Grade 4 – Woodwind
All instruments in this family have their sound produced by blowing into an instrument made of wood, a reed or an instrument that originally was made of wood.
Typical orchestral instruments include (from highest in pitch to the lowest):
- Flute (once made of wood now more commonly made of metal)
- Oboe – sound produced by a double-reed
- Clarinet – sound produced by a reed
- Bassoon – sound produced by a double reed
- Saxophone is not generally considered an orchestral instrument, but it is a woodwind instrument as the sound is produced by blowing across a reed.
Woodwind instruments can only produce one note at a time.
Clefs used by woodwind instruments:
- Flute – Treble clef
- Oboe – Treble clef
- Clarinet – Treble clef
- Saxophone – Treble clef
- Bassoon – Bass clef